Behroozmand, R., Korzyukov, O. and Larson, C.R.
Effects of harmonic complexity on ERP responses to pitch-shifted auditory feedback
Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol 122, (12), 2408-2417, 2011

Abstract

Objective
The present study investigated the neural mechanisms of voice pitch control for different levels of harmonic complexity in the auditory feedback.

Methods
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to +200 cents pitch perturbations in the auditory feedback of self-produced natural human vocalizations, complex and pure tone stimuli during active vocalization and passive listening conditions.

Results
During active vocal production, ERP amplitudes were largest in response to pitch shifts in the natural voice, moderately large for non-voice complex stimuli and smallest for the pure tones. However, during passive listening, neural responses were equally large for pitch shifts in voice and non-voice complex stimuli but still larger than that for pure tones.

Conclusions
These findings suggest that pitch change detection is facilitated for spectrally rich sounds such as natural human voice and non-voice complex stimuli compared with pure tones. Vocalization-induced increase in neural responses for voice feedback suggests that sensory processing of naturally-produced complex sounds such as human voice is enhanced by means of motor-driven mechanisms (e.g. efference copies) during vocal production.

Significance
This enhancement may enable the audio-vocal system to more effectively detect and correct for vocal errors in the feedback of natural human vocalizations to maintain an intended vocal output for speaking.